Computer Controlled Francis Turbine.
Computer Controlled Francis Turbine EXERCISES AND PRACTICAL POSSIBILITIES Some Practical Possibilities of the Unit: 1.-To determine the operating characteristics of a Francis turbine at different speeds. 2.-Determination of typical turbine curves. 3.-Determination of the Francis turbine’s power N(n), Torque Mm(n) and efficiency h(n) curves at constant flow with guide vanes open. 4.-Determination of the Francis turbine’s power N(n), Torque Mm(n) and efficiency h(n) curves at constant flow with guide vanes closed. 5.-Determination of the power N(Q), Head H(Q) and efficiency h(Q) curves at constant rotation speed and guide vanes opened. 6.-Determination of the power N(Q), Head H(Q) and efficiency h(Q) curves at constant rotation speed and guide vanes closed. 7.-Turbine power output versus speed and flow rate at various heads. 8.-Effect of guide vane setting on the turbine performance. 9.-Investigation of the conversion of hydraulic energy into mechanical energy. 10.-Adimensional analysis. 11.-Calculating the turbine power. 12.-Determining the turbine hydraulic efficiency. 13.- Determining the torque and speed of the turbine. 14.-Flow calculation. Other possible practices: 15.-Sensors calibration. Practices to be done by PLC Module (PLC-PI)+PLC Control Software: 16 -Control of the TFC unit process through the control interface box without the computer. 17.-Visualization of all the sensors values used in the TFC unit process. 18.-Calibration of all the sensors included in the TFC unit process. 19.-Hand on of all the actuators involved in the TFC unit process. 20.-Realization of different experiments, in automatic way, without having in front the unit. (This experiment can be decided previously). 21.-Simulation of outside actions, in the cases do not exist hardware elements. (Example: test of complementary tanks, complementary industrial environment to process to be studied, etc). 22.-PLC hardware general use and manipulation. 23.-PLC process application for TFC unit. 24.-PLC structure. 25.-PLC inputs and outputs configuration. 26.-PLC configuration possibilities. 27.-PLC program languages. 28.-PLC different programming standard languages. 29.-New configuration and development of new process. 30.-Hand on an established process. 31.-To visualize and see the results and to make comparisons with the TFC unit process. 32.-Possibility of creating new process in relation with the TFC unit. 33.-PLC Programming Exercises. 34-Own PLC applications in accordance with teacher and student requirements.